Get the lowdown on savings and insurance
Having savings and insurance can help you to protect against future income shocks and builds your financial resilience.
But if you’re struggling to pay off debts, how is saving possible too?
We’ll talk you through the importance of savings, how you can get into the savings habit as well as looking at different types of savings and ways to borrow. Then we look at whether you should be saving or paying off debts and what protection you can get from having the right insurance.
- The importance of savings and getting into the savings habit
- Different types of savings
- Types of borrowing
- Interest rates
- Should you save or pay off debts?
- Financial resilience – having the right insurance
The importance of savings and insurance
Saving is important because it helps to protect you in the event of a financial emergency – as does having the right insurance. With savings, you’ll be less likely to get into debt when the unexpected happens, have less financial stress and have a sense of financial freedom. Sounds great, doesn’t it?
So, why is it that one in ten Brits have no savings at all? Well it can be pretty hard to save money if you don’t even have enough money to pay for the basics or are struggling with paying multiple debts. That doesn’t mean that it’s impossible though.
Little changes to your budget may allow you to put some money away each month, meaning you’re more likely to:
- Have reduced money worries
- Be able to afford a financial emergency
- Afford purchases without getting into debt
- Be able to help family members if they get into difficulty
Getting into the savings habit
Once you’ve paid for all your main bills, start thinking about what money you have left to save. Working out your household budget will show you how much money you have left over after you’ve paid for your essentials.
Top tips for how to save:
- Start small – that way, you’ll be less likely to dip into your savings and you can always increase the amount as you go if you can
- Set your savings to automatic – setting up a standing order that goes out of your account automatically
- Save on payday – saving on or close to pay day means you’re less likely to miss the money or spend it on other things
- Set up a separate account – put your money into a different account other than the one that your everyday spending comes out of
- Watch the interest – try to find a savings account with a good interest rate so you see the rewards of savings
Different types of savings
Starting a savings plan with a financial goal in mind is a really good idea. The Money Advice Service’s savings calculator lets you enter a total savings goal amount and tells you how much you need to save each month to reach it.
The main savings accounts on offer are:
|Good for…||Not good if…|
|Interest free saving||
You want to save more than £20,000 a year (can be made up of cash, stocks and shares)
If you need to withdraw money quickly and easily
You may lose your interest if you make withdrawals. They’re typically a variable interest rate, meaning your rate could drop after a bonus introduction offer
|Potential to get a higher rate of interest than in an easy-access savings account||
You need to withdraw cash. You’ll need to tell your provider in advance – that could be 30, 60 or 90 days
|If you’re just starting out saving. You’ll usually need to add between £25 – £250 a month to keep the account going||You need emergency savings. You’ll usually need to keep this account open for a year. Remember your money builds up gradually in this account, so take that into account when working out your interest return.|
Protecting your savings return if interest rates are falling. You’ll lock in your cash at a rate for a fixed period. Usually, the longer you lock in your money, the better interest rate you’ll get.
|You’re a beginner saver. Many fixed-rate bond accounts need you to make a large initial deposit. Some don’t permit addition deposits either, meaning you can’t add to it.|
|Government will add between 25% and 50% bonus, depending on the account – so long as you meet the usage criteria||
You may face penalties for withdrawing money, if they aren’t for the specified reasons
Types of borrowing
We’ve spoken about why it’s important to save. But we know that from time to time, you may need to borrow.
Perhaps you can’t afford an essential purchase, or you’ve been caught off-guard by an emergency — there are many reasons why you might need some extra cash.
If that’s the case, make sure that you’re not rushing into borrowing more than you can afford and understand the options out there.
Before you sign any borrowing agreements, ask yourself:
- Do you really need to borrow? Borrowing is a big financial commitment. Check the length of your agreement and if there are any early payment penalties. The Money Advice Service compares the cost of borrowing £1,000 across three common types of credit. It’s useful to see how they work and whether you can afford repayments.
- What do you need the money for? If you’re in debt, then seek professional advice before making any decisions. A debt adviser will be able to help you work out a comfortable budget and explain what borrowing may be available under the terms of your solution.
- Will you be able to afford the repayments? Borrowing money often comes with added costs, so you could end up paying a significant amount in interest — what you have borrowed plus extra. Secured borrowing is usually fixed against your home or car. This means that if you fail to make payments, you risk your home or car being repossessed.
Below are some common ways you can borrow money, alongside their pros and cons:
|Good for…||What to watch out for…|
Home equity or homeowner loans, second mortgages and first charge mortgages are all examples of secured loans.
They’re good for borrowing large sums of money. And, they are less risky for lenders, so are usually cheaper than an unsecured loan.
A secured loan could be secured against your house. So, if you can’t keep up your repayments, you could lose it.
Some loans have variable rates. Before you take out the loan, make sure you know if it is fixed or variable. Otherwise, the amount you pay back can change.
Unsecured loans, also known as personal loans, can be more straightforward to get than secured loans.
Here, you’ll be borrowing money from a bank or other lender and agree to make regular payments until your loan is paid in full.
Because the loan isn’t secured against your house, the interest rates tend to be higher.
If you don’t make payments, you might incur additional charges, which could damage your credit rating.
Make sure you always compare deals on a price comparison site and check the interest rate.
Credit unions operate with three main aims:
You will need to be a member of a credit union before you can get a loan. Some credit unions will need you to have built up some savings with them first, too.
|They can be seen as a quick solution – giving you cash for emergencies until your next payday.||
Payday loans often come with high levels of interest, which means even if you borrow a relatively small amount—£200 for example–you may eventually end up paying thousands in interest.
Overdrafts are flexible – meaning you only borrow what you need at the time.
They are also quick to arrange and there is not normally a charge for paying them off early.
Going into an unarranged overdraft or repeatedly using your overdraft can see interest and charges add up.
Credit cards can be useful to spread the cost of a large payment.
They can give you payment protection on large purchases. Using credit cards correctly (i.e. keeping up with payments, or paying them off in full) can help you to build your credit score.
You may also be able to borrow interest-free and pay off the amount in full without penalty.
If your credit rating is on the lower side, you may be presented with less favourable credit card agreements with high levels of interest.
Credit limits can also vary and may not be high enough for your requirements.
When it comes to interest rates, you need to know two things – Annual Equivalent Rate (AER) and Annual Percentage Rate (APR).
Interest is important when thinking about savings and insurance. It is usually compounded, which means it is added to the amount of savings to give a new amount for the next interest period. Interest rates are important when it comes to borrowing too. Instead of earning interest, it’s the amount that you’ll pay on top of your loan for the privilege of borrowing.
The tricky thing about interest rates is that they aren’t fixed. They can change. Even a small change in an interest rate can have a big impact. So, it’s important to keep an eye on whether they rise, fall or stay the same.
Knowing the AER and APR will allow you to properly compare products on offer.
Here’s what AER and APR mean:
- Annual Equivalent Rate is the total interest you’ll receive on your savings in one year. The higher the percentage, the more interest you’ll receive.
- Annual Percentage Rate is the total amount of interest you’ll pay on your borrowing in one year. The higher the percentage, the more you’ll pay for you borrowing.
Should you save or pay off debt?
It can be tricky to know whether to save money or pay off debt.
There are a few good reasons to save first and pay down debt later, like:
- You don’t have any emergency savings
- If you have debt with a very low interest rate – like a credit card or other debt with a very low interest rate
When to pay off debt before saving:
- If you have multiple high-interest debts
- You have a debt emergency (bailiffs, court action, are about to lose your home)
Have a look at our understanding credit and debt section for more information on types of debt, and the consequences for not paying. If you’re struggling with multiple debts or are unable to keep up with repayments, then contact one of our advisers to find out your options.
Financial resilience – having the right insurance
When we’re short on cash, we look at unexpected spending to see where we can make savings. That’s the right thing to do, in fact, we encourage it. Yet, allowing contents insurance to lapse may not be in your best interest.
Before you buy any type of insurance, you’ll need to check:
- What the policy covers – never assume anything
- What the policy doesn’t cover
- The amount you’ll have to pay on excess or premiums
- Any limits on your claim – like the amount you can claim for a single item
- Whether you’re covered in another type of insurance. For example, your mobile may be covered by contents insurance – so you wouldn’t need gadget insurance as well
Different types of insurance
Mobile phone and gadget insurance
Ever had broken, lost or had your phone stolen? You’ll understand how much hassle it can take to replace it. If this happens to you a fair bit, or you have particularly expensive gadgets to protect, then it may make sense for you to look into mobile phone insurance.
Contents insurance covers your possessions against fire, theft and, in some cases, accidental damage. It covers your own possessions and those of close family members who live with you. You don’t have to take out content insurance, but it is a good idea. If not and any of your contents are lost, stolen or damaged – you will have to pay to replace them.
If you’re a homeowner, with a mortgage, your lender will usually insist that you have buildings cover for the term of your mortgage. While there is no legal requirement to have buildings insurance, repairs to your home can be very expensive. If you’re a landlord, you will be responsible for any repairs to your building. Building insurance can cover these costs.
Depending on how often you travel, there are loads of different types of travel insurance from single trip to annual cover or European to worldwide cover. Travel insurance is there to help you cover you andyour belongings while you’re on holiday.
You need to have at least third-party motor insurance if you drive or own a vehicle. This includes having insurance if you leave the vehicle parked on the street, on your driveway or in a garage.
Income protection insurance covers a range of products that allow you to meet your financial commitments if you’re forced to take an extended break from work. This can include if you can’t work because you’ve had an accident, fallen sick or you’ve lost your job through no fault of your own. Income protection insurance then pays an agreed portion of your salary each month. There are three main types of income protection that you can choose from. They are – accident, sickness and unemployment; payment protection insurance; or mortgage payment protection insurance.
Critical illness insurance
This pays out a tax-free lump sum if you’re diagnosed with an insured medical condition during your policy. It’s different to life insurance, which pays money to someone if you pass away. Critical illness insurance money can be spent however you want. It can be used to clear debts, pay medical bills or adapt your home to your needs.